CLINDAMYCIN OVER THE COUNTER
Clindamycin is an antibiotic that fights bacteria in the body.Clindamycin is used to treat serious infections caused by bacteria.
Active Ingredient: Сlindamycin, Hydrochloride
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What is Clindamycin?
Clindamycin is an antibiotic, a group of lincosamides.
It is used to treat severe infections, including skin, caused by anaerobic and gram-positive cocci. The drug is one of the most effective, especially for stubborn skin diseases. In such cases, it is important to introduce antibiotics, the side effects of which do not outweigh the benefits. Sometimes some bacterial strains are quite resistant and do not respond to conventional broad-spectrum antibiotics. Therefore, it makes sense to use clindamycin, which targets specific groups of pathogens, primarily anaerobic bacteria.
When administered orally, the antibiotic clindamycin is very quickly digested through the gastrointestinal tract. Therapeutic blood concentration is maintained for 8-12 hours. Metabolic degradation occurs in the liver; decomposition products are discharged through urine and feces within four days.
Clindamycin for ears, nose, throat and in case of sinusitis.
For diseases of the ear, nose and throat, as well as acute forms of sinusitis, antibiotics can be administered in combination with analgesics. However, the choice of antibiotic should be made after examination by a specialist: in fact, he assesses whether the condition really requires antibiotic therapy. For example, when working in the middle ear, the work is quite serious; complications are possible, especially if the embarrassment has already begun. Using Clindamycin makes sense if it is a bacterial infection. Sometimes infections in these organs are a consequence of a viral disease, which is subsequently aggravated by a bacterial infection. The usual form is oral pills or capsules.
Clindamycin for infected joints
The drug is one of the most suitable for infected joints, osteomyelitis and septic arthritis. It can be recommended in the form of tablets or capsules of 150, 300 or 600 mg or injectable form. For oral administration, the daily dose varies from 600 to 1800 mg, divided equally into 2-4 doses. The prescriber may also recommend this medicine to children, calculating daily intake according to the weight of the small patient and the exact condition. In harsh environments, initial infection control can be carried out by intravenous infusion or intramuscular injection of clindamycin.
The specialist must ensure that pathogens respond to clindamycin.
Joints may be infected with trauma or surgery. There is an inflammatory process, manifested by pain, redness and swelling, fever – locally or throughout the body. Antibiotic treatment is mandatory, and the choice of antibiotic depends on the type of pathogen. Clidandomycin is one possible solution; The drug can also be taken prophylactically to avoid such infections — for example, after surgical interventions involving bones and joints. The duration of prevention is usually 10 days. Sometimes long-term therapy is required; If clindamycin is given in one form or another for more than three weeks, this should be done with the control of liver and kidney function.
Clindamycin for respiratory and bronchitis
Respiratory infections are often caused by viruses and are not known to be exposed to antibiotics. At the same time, the respiratory system in a viral infection is usually at risk for the addition of bacteria due to weakened immunity. Complications in such cases are bronchitis and bronchopneumonia. The use of Clindamycin in the dose and forms appropriate to the individual patient can successfully control the infection for about ten days. Of course, this type of treatment should be recommended to a specialist, and the attending physician can monitor the body’s response to clindamycin.
How long for clindamycin to work on tooth infection?
Clindamycin is best suited for inflammation of a tooth or dental crown. You can control the infection for only a few days, but you may need a longer treatment. According to the individual needs of the patient, treatment can combine oral dosing of tablets or capsules and switching to long-term use of a local antibiotic for sore gums.
The dosage and duration of treatment with clindamycin are determined by the doctor. They depend on the severity of the disease, age, and general condition of the patient. Like any antibiotic treatment, clindamycin must be under the supervision of a physician. A set of indicators determines the form of the drug: tablets / capsules, solutions for injection, local topical products.
Dosage for adult
Clindamycin tablets teenagers over 15 years old and adults should eat before and after meals with a glass of water. The latter condition is mandatory because the drug causes dehydration. For middle class infections, one capsule is given four times a day. If the condition is severe, with a purulent process, the dose can be increased to 2-3 capsules or tablets four times a day. Another treatment module is 300 mg twice a day for 10 days.
The usual dose for injection is 300 mg of muscle, twice a day. In severe infections, the total dose may reach 2.7 years. This requires injections that need to be administered 3-4 times a day at regular intervals. A single dose should not exceed 600 mg, and when using venous systems, the maximum is 1.2 g per hour.
It is often necessary to combine the injectable form with oral administration. For example, muscle injections of the pelvic organs are administered for 6 days, then treatment continues with tablets or capsules – from 450 to 600 mg 4 times a day.
Dosage for children
Usually, children between the ages of 6-8 and 12-15 take four times a day one tablet / capsule 150 mg each. This is considered the maximum dose; In addition to 4 tablets at 6 hours, three tablets per day, once at 8 hours, in particular, the dose is calculated according to body weight from 8 to 25 mg / kg per day. In children under 6 years of age, oral intake is contraindicated.
The liquid form is used in children over three years old. The dose ranges from 8 to 25 mg per kilogram of body weight per day. The drug is distributed for 3-4 intramuscular injections.
Allergic reactions are the first cause of Clindamycin withdrawal. The drug also does not apply to ulcerative enteritis, colitis, followed by antibiotics. Special care is required when treating this antibiotic if the patient suffers from myasthenia, liver and kidney disease. According to pharmacological characteristics, these groups of patients can be treated with Clindamycin in a limited manner and under strict medical supervision. A separate group are children, the recommendations are newborns up to one month, which cannot be treated with antibiotics.
Clindamycin side effects
Treatment with clindamycin may cause some unwanted effects that can lead to poor health. The patient should be warned of this danger and, if necessary, seek medical attention.